Only 11 men escaped the slaughter and between 133 and 141 were killed.The massacre is the basis for the recently published book Last Man Out: Glenn Mc Dole, USMC, Survivor of the Palawan Massacre in World War II by Bob Wilbanks, and the opening scenes of the 2005 Miramax film, The Great Raid.
Because of Palawan's proximity to Borneo, southern portions of the island were under the control of the Sultanate of Brunei for more than two centuries, and Islam was introduced.
In 1902, after the Philippine-American War, the Americans established civil rule in northern Palawan, calling it the province of Paragua. 1363, the province was reorganized to include the southern portions and renamed Palawan, and Puerto Princesa declared as its capital.
Many reforms and projects were later introduced in the province.
Prisoners who tried to escape the flames were shot down.
Others attempted to escape by climbing over a cliff that ran along one side of the trenches, but were later hunted down and killed.