It has evergreen leaves, which are 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and 1–4 cm (0.39–1.6 in) broad.The shrub's flowers are produced on short axillary cymes that are 4–8 cm (1.6–3.1 in) in length. The samara fruit is an oblong, three-valved capsule, which contains one to three seeds.A good khat plant can be harvested four times a year, providing a year-long source of income for the farmer.Addiction experts in psychiatry, chemistry, pharmacology, forensic science, epidemiology, and the police and legal services engaged in delphic analysis regarding 20 popular recreational drugs.Some studies done in 2001 estimated that the income from cultivating khat was about 2.5 million Yemeni rials per hectare, while fruits brought only 0.57 million rials per hectare.Between 19, the area on which khat was cultivated was estimated to have grown from 8,000 to 103,000 hectares.Khat was ranked 17th in dependence, 20th in physical harm, and 20th in social harm.Individuals become very talkative under the influence of the plant.
The plant usually grows in arid environments, at a temperature range of 5–35 °C (41–95 °F).
Its fresh leaves and tops are chewed or, less frequently, dried and consumed as tea, to achieve a state of euphoria and stimulation; it also has anorectic (appetite-reducing) side effects.
The leaves or the soft part of the stem can be chewed with either chewing gum or fried peanuts to make it easier to chew.
There, chewing khat predates the use of coffee and is used in a similar social context.
In Uganda it is grown in Central region, kasenge Nakawuka road,nkugulutale,kisozi, Nsaggu and some parts of Western region of the Country .